Mahale and Gombe Wildlife Research Centres were established separately with a common interest of primate research. The centres are all located within Kigoma region, Uvinza and Kigoma districts respectively.  In fulfilling the institution mandate it was important to have a centre that caters for other protected areas other than Mahale and Gombe NPs in the western Tanzania. These include Katavi National Park and adjacent game reserves (Rukwa, Ugala, Moyowosi, Kizigo, Piti, Swaga Swaga, Muhesi and Rungwa). The merging of the two existing centres and expand its scope to cover western Tanzania will strengthen the wildlife research activities and its supervision.