Conservation Information and Monitoring Unit operates under the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute. The unit collects information on numbers of wild animals to asses population trends and habitat quality within adjacent to protect areas.
Objectives of CIMU Program
- To conduct wildlife censuses and resource assessments within and adjacent to wildlife protected areas.
- To provide interpretive feedback to management authorities.
- To conduct research and promote improved census techniques.
- To establish and maintain wildlife population database
Services offered by CIMU
- Wildlife Census (Aerial Surveys and Ground counts)
- Animal Census Technique Training
- Geographical Information System (GIS), Remote Sensing and Digital Mapping
- Database Design, Development and Management
- Land use Planning
- Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
- Conduct short term training in GIS and the use of Arc View, ArcGIS, Quantum GIS, ERDAS for Image Analysis and Classification, ENVI for Image Analysis and Classification, Google Earth, Google Map and ArcGIS application.
Principal Counting Techniques used by CIMU
1. Total Count
Total count is used to species like elephant and buffalo, which occur in large and un- evenly distributed herds. The entire area is searched and all animals are counted accurately.
Photographs are taken to verify field counts.
2. Systematic Recommendation Flighty
This is a systematic sampling approach whereby a portion of the area is searched, and all animals there – in are counted. The searched area is defined by streamer attached on both sides of aircraft .The species abundances are then estimated by applying appropriate statistical analyses
3. Aerial Point Survey
This is used for species which are extremely numerous widely and evenly distributed like migratory wildebeest on the Serengeti plains. Vertical photographs are taken systemically over portion of the herd. Animals counted from each photo are tallied and used to calculate the total population size.
The Uses of Information Obtained
- Provides data for ecological and other studies
- Monitoring wildlife population provides a warning system to alert management authorities on desirable and undesirable trends.
- Provide basis for a wide range of management decision.